In ":" "ex" commands "%" denotes the current file,
"#" is a synonym for
the alternate file (which normally is the previous file).
Marks can be used for line numbers too: '<a-z>.
In the :w, :f, :cd, :e,
and :n commands, shell meta-characters can be used.
|Vi ---> Writing, editing other files, and quitting vi|
:q | Quit vi, unless the buffer has been changed.
:q! | Quit vi without writing.
^Z | Suspend vi.
:w | Write the file.
:w <name> | Write to the file <name>.
:w >> <name> | Append the buffer to the file <name>.
:w! <name> | Overwrite the file <name>.
:x,y w <name> | Write lines x through y to the file <name>.
:wq | Write the file and quit vi; some versions quit
| even if the write was unsuccessful!
| Use `ZZ' instead.
ZZ | Write if the buffer has been changed, and
| quit vi. If you have invoked vi with the `-r'
| option, you'd better write the file
| explicitly (`w' or `w!'), or quit the
| editor explicitly (`q!') if you don't want
| to overwrite the file - some versions of vi
| don't handle the `recover' option very well.
:x [<file>] | Idem [but write to <file>].
:x! [<file>] | `:w![<file>]' and `:q'.
:pre | Preserve the file - the buffer is saved as if
| the system had just crashed; for emergencies,
| when a `:w' command has failed and you don't
| know how to save your work (see `vi -r').
:f <name> | Set the current filename to <name>.
:cd [<dir>] | Set the working directory to <dir>
| (default home directory).
:cd! [<dir>] | Idem, but don't save changes.
:e [+<cmd>] <file> | Edit another file without quitting vi - the
| buffers are not changed (except the undo
| buffer), so text can be copied from one file to
| another this way. [Execute the `ex' command
| <cmd> (default `$') when the new file has been
| read into the buffer.] <cmd> must contain no
| <sp> or <ht>. See `vi startup'.
:e! [+<cmd>] <file> | Idem, without writing the current buffer.
^^ | Edit the alternate (normally the previous) file.
:rew | Rewind the argument list, edit the first file.
:rew! | Idem, without writing the current buffer.
:n [+<cmd>] [<files>] | Edit next file or specify a new argument list.
:n! [+<cmd>] [<files>] | Idem, without writing the current buffer.
:args | Give the argument list, with the current file
| between `[' and `]'.
This section is based on "Vi Reference" by Maarten Litmaath et al.
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© 1993-2001 Christopher C. Taylor